Pemerintah Dinilai Gagal Lindungi Buruh Migran Dari Jerat Perdagangan Orang

Jakarta, PPI News – Dewan Pimpinan Pusat Serikat Pekerja Pergerakan Pelaut Indonesia (PPI) menilai pemerintah Indonesia  belum serius dalam menangani kasus tindak pidana perdagangan orang (TPPO) yang dialami oleh Pekerja Migran Indonesia Anak Buah Kapal (ABK) di sektor perikanan.

Rekam jejak tersebut dapat dilihat dari kasus yang terjadi pada 2012 silam sebagai contoh dimana pada saat itu terdapat sekitar 203 ABK Indonesia yang telah menjadi korban perbudakan dan perdagangan orang di perairan Trinidad and Tobago dan perairan Afrika, yang sampai detik ini kasusnya belum bisa diselesaikan oleh pemerintah.

Link berita:

(https://news.power102fm.com/relief-pours-in-for-stranded-indonesian-seamen-7357)

(https://www.viva.co.id/berita/nasional/427324-203-abk-telantar-tiga-tahun-tak-digaji)

(http://www.gresnews.com/berita/sosial/91080-pekerja-laut-tuntut-pemerintah-selesaikan-kasus-203-abk-korban-perdagangan-orang/)

(https://www.kompasiana.com/fspiln/5647aa0844afbd620c3fdd4d/dibalik-misteri-kapal-young-duck-no3-203-abk-wni-menderita)

(https://imamsyafiisite.wordpress.com/2016/02/08/kasus-203-abk-trinidad-tanggungjawab-siapa/)

(https://www.cnnindonesia.com/nasional/20150521125200-20-54766/cerita-perih-abk-dari-disiksa-hingga-tak-dapat-upah-melaut)

(https://news.detik.com/berita/2296873/kisah-sedih-pelaut-indonesia-tak-digaji-hingga-disiksa)

(http://www.liputanbmi.com/baca/805/lacak-dan-jual-kapal-yong-duck-no3-untuk-bayar-gaji-203-abk-wn)

(http://www.mnctrijaya.com/news/detail/7755/abk-harap-jokowi-selesaikan-masalah-ketenagakerjaan)

(https://www.liputan6.com/news/read/634065/tuntut-klaim-asuransi-puluhan-abk-unjukrasa-di-kantor-bnp2tki)

(https://www.hukumonline.com/berita/baca/lt5472af304389d/fspiln-tagih-janji-dpr-untuk-selesaikan-kasus-abk)

(https://www.slideshare.net/fspiln/kliping-imam-syafii)

Stranded Indonesian fishermen on the way home (with CNC3 video)

Kalifa Clyne

Published: 

Friday, November 9, 2012

Indonesian crew members on one of the five fishing vessels anchored off Chaguaramas for months have a meal yesterday as they await word on plans to return them to their homeland. PHOTO: SHIRLEY BAHADUR

Boatloads of seamen from the Far East have started returning home after being stranded in local waters for the past three months. By today the first batch of 20 Indonesian fishermen should be safely back in their home country.

They represent a fraction of the 163 seamen left to fend for themselves when their employers abandoned them. They will take a route to Indonesia which does not require them to have visas and left Trinidad for Venezuela then on to Spain and Dubai. The trip was expected to take two days.

The 140-plus men left on the five vessels off the coast of Chaguaramas remain hopeful, though they have no idea when they will leave or how many of them will be taken in the next batch. They say their government is paying for their return home. The T&T Immigration Division has the men’s passports and decides who goes and in what order. One of the men who spoke English and said his name was Henrik praised the T&T Immigration Division. He said since they got involved in their plight, the foreigners had received a lot of help.

Abandoned Indonesians going home

Link : https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=zx1gVH3ds3I&feature=youtu.be

http://www.cnc3.co.tt/news/abandoned-indonesians-going-home

“We call our families and talk to them. They are worried that we are not eating, but we hope that next week we can be home,” said Henrik. The men have run out of drinking water and are instead collecting rainwater. They say their food supply may run out in a few days but they hope to be home by then.

The vessels were however dirty, littered with trash and had an overwhelming stench. Henrik said each of the fishermen was owed a little over US$4,000 for two years work. He said their monthly salary was US$180 each. Henrik said he was told the seamen would receive their salaries on their return home, but now he is unsure if their employers would honour the promise.

Akoo, the youngest on the fleet at 19, said he missed his home but Trinidad seemed like a good place to live. While the men were speaking openly about their predicament, the T&T authorities have not been as forthcoming with information.

Attempts to investigate the developments around the stranded seamen from the Ministry of National Security, the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and the T&T Coast Guard have been unsuccessful. Communication officers at both ministries said they were not certain of the status of the fishermen and asked that the request for information be e-mailed to them. This request was complied with on Monday but four days later, no answers had been provided.

Sumber: http://www4.guardian.co.tt/news/2012-11-09/stranded-indonesian-fishermen-way-home-cnc3-video

Selain kasus besar di atas, masih terdapat kasus-kasus serupa lainnya.

Apakah praktik kejahatan perbudakan dan perdagangan orang yang menimpa ABK Indonesia bisa dihentikan ?

Di akhir tahun 2017, Tim Advokasi mendapat laporan dari 81 ABK yang terlantar di luar negeri, tepatnya di perairan China. Mereka mengeluhkan tentang kondisi kerja dan akomodasi di kapal tidak layak, bahkan mereka mengaku sempat ditampung pada sebuah palka tempat penampung ikan sebagai tempat tidur mereka. Sungguh tidak manusiawi.

Sumber berita:

(https://nasional.tempo.co/read/1045101/81-abk-asal-indonesia-telantar-di-kapal-ocean-star-98)

(http://video.metrotvnews.com/metro-pagi-prime-time/8koJ8WYb-81-abk-asal-indonesia-terlantar-di-kapal-ocean-star)

(https://ppi.or.id/81-abk-asal-indonesia-terlantar-di-kapal-ocean-star/)

(http://aksi.id/artikel/22541/81-ABK-Asal-Indonesia-yang-Alami-Nasib-Buruk-di-Kapal-China-Akhirnya-Dipulangkan/)

(http://beritatrans.com/2017/12/28/nasib-perih-81-abk-indonesia-dipindah-dari-kapal-ikan-fu-yuan-yu-ke-ocean-star-98-tak-digaji-makan-dibatasi-tidur-di-palka/)

(https://video.medcom.id/metro-pagi-prime-time/8koJ8WYb-81-abk-asal-indonesia-terlantar-di-kapal-ocean-star)

(http://www.liputanbmi.com/baca/2507/akhirnya-81-abk-indonesia-yang-terlantar-di-china-dapat-kepastian-pulang)

(http://www.liputanbmi.com/baca/2518/dari-pemulangan-hingga-penagihan-hak-ppi-terus-kawal-kasus-81-abk-yang-terlantar-di-china)

Kemudian, di tahun 2018 tepatnya pada bulan Oktober 2018 Tim Advokasi PPI juga kembali menerima laporan dai 40 ABK yang diduga diperbudak dan diduga kuat menjadi korban perdagangan orang. Mereka dikirim ke luar negeri tepatnya di perairan Somalia dan perairan Jepang. Saat ini kasus tersebut masih dalam pendampingan PPI baik di ranah Perdata maupun Pidana. Di ranah Perdata, PPI mendampingi para ABK dengan melakukan pelaporan ke Kementerian Ketenagakerjaan Cq. Ditjen PHI dan JSK. Dalam mediasinya, pihak perusahaan yang memberangkatkan para ABK melalui pengacaranya menolak tuntutan para ABK, sedangkan para ABK tetap bersikukuh dengan tuntutannya, sehingga pihak Kemnaker kemudian menerbitkan Surat Anjuran yang menganjurkan agar perusahaan membayar hak-hak para ABK sesuai dengan tuntutan, namun sampai detik ini belum ada itikad baik dari perusahaan untuk membayar hak-hak para ABK sesuai surat anjuran yang diterbitkan mediator Kemnaker. Bahkan, informasi dari mediator, bahwa pihak perusahaan menolak anjuran tersebut.

Di ranah Pidana, Tim Advokasi PPI telah melaporkan perusahaan ke pihak yang berwajib yakni di Badan Reserse Kriminal Polri (Bareskrim) pada tanggal 14 Januari 2019 lalu. Saat ini berdasarkan informasi dari petugas di Bareskrim, laporan tersebut telah dilimpahkan ke Polda Metro Jaya Ditreskrimum untuk kemudian dilakukan gelar perkara. Tim Advokasi PPI juga telah bersurat melalui email kepada Direktur dan Wadirektur Kriminal Umum Polda Metro Jaya agar laporan dimaksud segera ditindaklanjuti sesuai prosedur hukum yang berlaku.

Sumber:

(http://www.liputanbmi.com/baca/3238/pengakuan-abk-kapal-ikan-saya-8-bulan-tidak-mandi-makan-lauknya-kol-mentah-dan-minum-air-ac-serta-air-rasa-karat)

(http://www.liputanbmi.com/baca/3280/mediator-hi-kemnaker-anjurkan-perusahaan-bayar-ganti-rugi-rp-5-miliar-kepada-41-abk)

(http://www.liputanbmi.com/baca/3234/40-abk-diduga-jadi-korban-tppo-ppi-laporkan-perusahaan-ke-bareskrim-polri)

Penulis,

Imam Syafi’i